The way to harness solar energy for your home is to leverage what is often called a “solar system”. The solar system installation is oftentimes not a one-size-fits-all, but rather a more custom solution for your needs. In this post, we will explore the various options for developing a solar system which can then be used for harnessing solar energy to power your home.
Solar Energy for Home Electricity
The goal for developing a solar system ultimately is to harness solar energy and turn it into electricity for your home. When searching the web, you’ll find a lot of interest for how to make solar energy systems for home use, though, the process isn’t revealed oftentimes for a couple reasons.
- One reason is that the overall process is customized for the particular customer
- Another reason is that there are interchangeable components and parts (e.g. different types of solar panels)
- And finally, installers want to stay in business (and they are experts at solar panel installations)
So as we move through this post, just know that there are different ways to install a solar system. This post is primarily for demonstration purposes (to show how the pieces come together).
An Overview of How to Make Solar Energy for Your Home
We’ll start with the main components for a solar system installation.
Main Components and Parts:
- Solar Panels (e.g. Photovoltaic (“PV”), Monocrystalline, etc)
- Micro-invertors (one per panel)
- Conduit (wiring)
- Rails (for connecting the solar panel modules to the roof)
- The meter
The Overall Process
The micro-inverters convert the DC electricity that’s produced by the solar panels into AC electricity and synchronizes it with the home’s electric power. The units are able sense the voltage and electricity of the power coming from the grid and synchronize to that income power source (from the utility company). This allows the power to then flow into the home via a circuit breaker where it goes to loads in the house.
During periods of low-to-no loads in the home (such as during the daytime when homeowners may be at their workplace), the power that is being produced (during the day) by the solar panels will likely spin the meter backwards. As a result, the homeowner will likely get retail credit for the energy they’re producing (but, not currently using), and gets distributed back to the utility provider to supply other local customers/neighbors.
The installation is a bit more involved, but overall, this should give you an idea for how solar energy is produced for your home.
Solar Power Home System Options
There are a variety of solar power system options available on the market. Some of the most popular, include:
- Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
- Thermal Solar Systems
- Thin Film
There are pros and cons to each home system option. Some other unconventional options, include, buying solar power from your local utility company. You can inquire about this option by typically asking about their Green Pricing Program (if they have one). Though the Green Pricing Program isn’t a full-blown solar power home system, it will yield solar-generated power to your home which may be beneficial for a variety of reasons.
In general, solar panel installation is often a duty for a certified solar panel installer (or installation company), but hopefully this post may give you ideas for how to tighten your vision and move forward with how to get solar energy for your home.